User permissions and two-factor authentication are an essential component of any robust security infrastructure. The ability to manage the permissions of users is a vital tool to reduce the risk of accidental or malicious insider activities, minimizing consequences of any data breaches while ensuring compliance with regulations.

1. Reduce the risk of insider threats

A common method of limiting access for users is to apply the principle of least privilege, which states that users should be granted the minimum level of privileges that they require for their job responsibilities. This helps to limit the impact of any unauthorized action that is performed by employees or third-party vendors.

2. Minimize the Risk of a Data Breach

Many industries are subject to strict regulatory requirements which require robust data security practices. By controlling user permissions, organizations can ensure compliance by making sure that only authorized individuals have access to sensitive data.

3. Reduce the risk of third-party vendor activities

Many data breaches are caused by compromised credentials that are by third-party vendors. Reviewing and updating regularly the permissions of users can lower the risk that external vendors can gain access to your data.

4. Provide Flexibility for Privilege Escalation

Role-based Access Control (RBAC) is now a popular way to manage user access rights. It assigns specific rights according to roles that have been specified. These roles can be integrated to provide granular control of access. For instance an experienced physician could enjoy higher access rights than a junior doctor when it comes to accessing the patient’s data. Additionally, RBAC can be configured to require two-factor authentication (2FA) for certain roles in order to limit the possibility of unauthorized access, even if the password is compromised.